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The Shield.

Escudo GaliciaIn addition to flags, symbols or other visual elements that represent people, nations Shield Galiciaasociaciones, villas, town halls, surname or family groups. Signals are much closer to the reality that they are the designated flags. Such is the case of the shields.

Galicia now has an official shield, and through these pages will describe later. But historically our shield presents some very specific complex, together in the course of the centuries many variations or proposals from an element that almost always remained unchanged: a chalice or ciborium.

Since ancient times (perhaps from the fourteenth century), our artists, designers and artists felt the need to represent Galicia, symbolically, through the design and colors. The problem was that indian proceeded individually, based on patterns that he felt more beautiful, and this helped to undermine and complicate the unification of the resulting work. A subject which we are even in the presence of the symbol which is interpreted differently Galicia.


It is not our purpose here to relate the names of specific parts of a shield, a subject that deals specifically heraldic science. In this case give an idea of how is our shield and that it represents. As we come from, almost all the variations have one thing in common: the presence of a chalice with paten at your institution. Also lead to ring in the upper crown. From this simple and easy to shield showing the pictures, the field can be filled and a lot more complicated. We will see this gradually.

Historia Escudos Galicia


The fact that the center appears a cup, makes us think about the religious origins of this coat and pair of very specific references to the legends of miracle Cebreiro (in the mountains of Lugo) or mysteries such as the Sacramento. With the passage of time (not before the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries), at the foot of the cup appeared crosses (first six and then seven), also of religious origin, as can seen in the number of shields.

The oldest known reference to the coat of knots Galicia appears in a manuscript preserved in the Biblioteca del Escorial. There appears a brief description of the Kingdom of Galicia and the people who live there and walk to text, a poor and rudimentary drawing that represents the coat of arms of Galicia as a ciborium.

As a ciborium or chalice is also reproduced, along with other emblems, in a German publication of the year 1518.

It also represents a gold chalice, is incorporated into another work of German 1555, with multiple coats of Europe.

In a book of heraldry published in Lyon in 1581, is our shield with a ciborium to the center and the field strewn with crosses, six of them complete and well visible.

And in the second French edition of the Encyclopedia of Diderot (1782), on a white flag of Galicia, is played with a cup of six crosses, three on each side.

For its uniqueness, there is mention of an actual shield engraved on a stone house disappeared from the Plaza de San Fernando in the city of Tui, which today is kept arms at the side of the cloister of that Cathedral. Date of the beginning of the eighteenth century. Bring the shield built into its center, in place, the weapons themselves the Kingdom of Galicia: in addition to host a cup, crown and cross on the head. Given the historical uses, including in the royal coat of arms of Spain now in force should be incorporated, focusing the field, the coat of arms of Galicia in any official function in which is displayed.

In the opinion of the heralds some of the field eventually crosses represent, in the course of history, the old provinces of the Kingdom of Galicia (Santiago, Lugo, Ourense, Tui, Mondoñedo, Betanzos and A Coruña), virtually all of markedly religious by their bishops. Sometimes, these crosses may be transformed into scallops, santiaguista symbol. In either case, the usual placement of these seven elements are as follows: three each side and the one at the top of the chalice.

We Vesela shields were even more common elements, such as the cross of Santiago, the presence of legends and of angels, and various other decorative motifs. This is due both to the desire of artists to fill the field and the various ideological concerns, but always within a general idea of praise Galicia. Luis Amado Carballo, for example, wants to see in the seven crossings of the shield as many stars in a poetic play.

Seven stars, like doves returning to his loft?

Legends léemelas or how "misterium firmiter profitemur Hoc" and "In hoc misterium fidei profitemur" in Latin, as in almost all the coats, a clear reference to fan religious grounds calyx. The proposal made by Castelao in the thirties of radical change in our shield, you figure you're free to sign slogan Galicians "Before dead slaves. Some elements of this shield were now incorporated into the emblem or distinctive Consello da Cultura Galega.

The coat of Galicia and officially adopted today (along with the flag and anthem) by the institution that represents the maximum Galicians already all in the past with the approval of the Real Academia Galega. It is without doubt the most often was played. Bring on field azure, a chalice of gold plus a host of silver crosses and accompanied by seven even cut the metal, the three each side and one in the center of the head. Al timbre, corona real de oro.